Stirlingshire Hotels With Our Staycation - Your 3 Nights Getaway
Stirling is a city in central Scotland. At the heart of its old town, medieval Stirling Castle is on a craggy volcanic rock. On the Abbey Craig outcrop, the National Wallace Monument is a 19th-century tower. It overlooks the site of the 1297 Battle of Stirling Bridge, where William Wallace defeated the English. The Battle of Bannockburn Experience has interactive 3D displays on the history of the 1314 conflict.
During the Wars of Independence, which were civil wars among the Scots as well as a struggle between Scotland and England, the castle changed hands eight times in 50 years. And it is no accident that famous battles, such as Stirling Bridge and Bannockburn took place within sight of its walls.
In 1869, the Wallace Monument was built in memory of this rebel leader who had fought so close to Stirling. Later additions to the building included marble sculptures of other Scottish heroes, such as Robert the Bruce.
At some stage during the 11th century, a castle was built on a rocky outcrop here. It was still very much a rudimentary affair, built from wood and surrounded by an earth rampart. A small town grew up on the slopes around the castle. Then, in 1124, King David I made Stirling a royal burgh.
The first record of attempted flight took place at Stirling Castle. John Damian flung himself off the battlements in 1507, wearing a pair of feathered wings. He landed in a dung heap, breaking his thigh.